Category Archives: Hidalgo

Guadalajara: Hidalgo

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Statue of Miguel Hidalgo in Plaza de la Liberation; in Hidalgo’s hands is a broken chain


Every nation has its revolutionary war hero. The United States reveres George Washington. China reveres Mao Zedong. And Mexico reveres Miguel Hidalgo.
Hidalgo was a priest and an advocate for the poor. He worked especially hard in behalf of the native peoples, trying to free them from the yoke of poverty Spain laid upon them.
Hidalgo welcomed all races of people into his home. His “open house” policy enraged the elites.
When he finally called for a rebellion against the government, he was met with an outpouring of support. In the ensuing months, he ended up commanding an insurgent army of some 100,000 men.
But in January 1811, Hidalgo’s army suffered a crushing defeat at the hands of royalist forces at Puente de Calderon. On 21 March 1811 Hidalgo was captured, and on 30 July he was executed.
It was left to others to bring to fruition Miguel Hidalgo’s dream of independence from Spain. Yet to this day he is hailed as the Father of the Nation.

broken oak branches—
one more reason for blackbirds
to stop their singing


Text and photo © 2016 by Mark M. Redfearn, all rights reserved